First thing to teach your puppy is where to pee and poop. Housetraining requires repeated practice and demands patience. Some puppies learn faster than others, but most are able to be housetrained by 4-6 months old. Be kind with your puppy because though he or she yearns to please you, puppies need to physically mature in order to have bladder control. Remember to only reward, not punish; punishment teaches the dog what NOT to do and not what to do instead. Rubbing your dog’s nose into his or her waste or only frighten him or her.

Let Your Dog Out

The Humane Society suggests that the general rule for bladder control in puppies is “one hour for every month of age”, so a 2 month old can only hold their waste for 2 hours. Using this rule as a rough guideline, take your puppy out accordingly. Remember that your pet cannot control their body to urinate or defecate according to your schedule, so watch for signs that your puppy needs to be taken out. Behaviors such as pacing, whining and sniffing are indicators that you should take your puppy out, according to the ASPCA.

Verbal Cue

As your puppy is peeing or pooping in his or her designated area, say words such as “go potty” so that these words can become verbal cues to make training increasingly successful. Your puppy will associate those words with bathroom urges and you can use those words to direct your puppy’s bathroom behavior more easily in the future.

Positive Reward

Assure your puppy when he or she potties in the proper location. Reward your pooch using treats,  hugs and a warm tone of voice. Encourage him or her to keep up their work.

Expect Accidents

Puppies, like humans, make mistakes. If you catch your puppy in the act, startle him or her using loud clapping noises then guide your puppy outside to finish his or her business. If not, simply remove the waste using products specifically designed for cleaning pet messes.

When You’re Gone

Ideally, you should find someone to watch over your dog. If you cannot, confine your puppy in a cage big enough for standing, laying down, and turning around in. Avoid being away for much longer than your dog can hold their bladder and take your puppy out as soon as you come home.

Housetraining is a repeated process that takes time. Keep following these tips and be compassionate when mistakes happen. Eventually, your puppy will learn proper bathroom etiquette.



“Housetraining Your Dog or Puppy : The Humane Society of the United States.” RSS. (accessed June 5, 2014).

“House Training Your Puppy.” ASPCA. (accessed June 5, 2014).